UNDERSTANDING IMMUNITY WITHIN THE SKIN
The skin is the largest organ of the human body and the first and largest barrier against the environment – UV rays, pollution, germs, physical stresses and other aggressors.
The skin is a living system equipped with many functions namely the feeling of touch and pain, protection against environmental aggressors, energy storage and the production of vitamin D. It is a living and fully functioning immune system.
The skin is guarded by cells called Langerghans cells that exist in the upper layer of the epidermis. They detect foreign invaders and warn other cells to boost the protective immune functions.
When working continuously, they maintain homeostasis, eliminate infections and enable the continuous process of repair and renewal of skin tissue. Immune cells are not mechanical and cannot fight indefinitely. With ageing and constant environmental and emotional stress, they become tired and the skin becomes prone to fine lines, dark spots, inflammation and other ailments.
The barrier function of the skin is there to prevent problematic agents from penetrating the skin and to prevent trans-epidermal water loss.
The acid mantle is comprised of sebum, lipids, water and sweat. The organization and level of lipids in the skin are very important determinants of the chemical barrier function. The hydration and overall health of the keratinocytes is also an important factor.
Any of the previously mentioned triggers will set the following in motion:
Keratinocytes will register the antigen and message the Langerhans cells which will then activate inflammatory messenger cells which reach the lymph nodes via the lymphatic channels.
Once the lymph nodes receive the antigens they then mount an inflammatory response with cells and enzymes and these components will travel back to the epidermis via lymph channels.
The absence of inflammation due to oxidative stress is also important in maintaining the optimal functioning of cell immunity.
The following are the most important determinants of strong immunity in the skin:
Acid mantle lipid bilayer (ph level)
Cellular Health and the absence of oxidative stress
It is important to look for ingredients that reinforce, balance and control inflammation and hydrate the skin.
KEY INGREDIENTS TO SUPPORT IMMUNITY FROM THE BLACK PEARL® COLLECTIONS
Acid Mantle: shea butter, borage seed oil, squalene, triglycerides from coconut oil, ceramides and amino acids.
Keratinocyte layer: lipigenine, hyaluronic acid, minerals and vitamins.
Hydration: hyaluronic acid, fucus vesiculosis, pearl and sorbitol.
Cellular health: minerals, vitamins, gold, pearl, vitamins and antioxidants.
24k gold: anti-microbial, anti-inflammatory and fibroblast delivery.
Dead Sea minerals: cellular health function and the maintenance of the barrier function of cells.
Pearl: hydration and detoxifying.
Vitamins: A B C E F
Anti-inflammatory ingredients: bisabolal (chamomile), Helioguard 365, dunaliella salina algae, vitamin A and centella asiatica.
Antioxidants: gold, vitamins, minerals resveratrol and dunalliela salina alga.
KEY TECHNOLOGIES FROM BLACK PEARL® THAT SUPORT IMMUNITY
Lipigenine: Keeps oil and water homeostasis intact in the cells in the upper levels of the epidermis where water: oil dynamics are important
Nanotechnology: Ingredients reach basal layer which generate healthier cells in the presence of minerals.